The soils of these vineyards are alluvial loams, over alluvial gravels that form the Martinborough Terrace. This composition ensures exceptional drainage and warmer profiles, key prerequisites for nurturing and producing premium quality, healthy grape vines. The climate is cool with summer days rarely exceeding 30º centigrade. This allows the grapes to ripen very slowly and to develop pure, powerful fruit characters with finely textured tannins. The rainfall is low averaging 700mm per annum with very stable weather patterns particularly during autumn, the all-important harvest period.