The soils of these vineyards are alluvial loams that form the Martinborough Terrace. With these now layered over very deep gravels this composition ensures exceptional drainage and warmer profiles, key prerequisites for nurturing and producing premium quality, healthy grape vines. The climate is cool with summer days rarely exceeding 30º centigrade. This allows the grapes to ripen very slowly and to develop pure, powerful fruit characters with finely textured tannins. The rainfall is low averaging about 700mm per annum with very stable weather patterns particularly during autumn, the all-important harvest period.